Relevance and Potential Impact
General Aims and Summary
Strategic Aspects
Main Elements
Expansion of International Cooperation
Support to EC and Parliamantarians
Dissemination Activities
Cross-sectional Areas
Data privacy policy

Preparation Technology Platform Future Grids
 Cross-sectional Areas
Areas and Co-ordinators

Power quality, reliability and security
Power quality, reliability and security
Nikos Hatziargyriou, NTUA / Greece
ICT relevant for the operation of the electricity grid,
power sources and consumers
Hans Akkermans, EnerSearch / The Netherlands hans.akkermans@akmc.nl
ICT relevant for the operation of the electricity grid,
power sources and consumers
Hans Akkermans, EnerSearch / The Netherlands hans.akkermans@akmc.nl
Laboratory activities
Philipp Strauss, ISET / Germany pstrauss@iset.uni-kassel.de
Pilot installations and field tests
Britta Buchholz, MVV / Germany b.buchholz@mvv.de
Socio-economic issues
Frits van Oostvoorn, Martin Scheepers, ECN / Netherlands oostvoorn@ecn.nl
Co-ordination with regional research programs on DER
Raul Reyero, CIDAE / Spain rreyero@cidae.org


  1. Power Quality and Security of Supply
  2. ICT relevant for the Operation of the Electricity Grid, Power Sources and Consumers
  3. Laboratory Activities
  4. Pilot Installations and Field Tests
  5. Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues
  6. International Co-operation Including International Associations
  7. Co-ordination with National and Regional Research Programmes on DER
1 Power Quality and Security of Supply

This cross-sectional working area is dealing with “Security, Reliability and Power Quality” of Power Systems with high DG integration. This encompasses both transmission and distribution systems, as well as the control of DG resources. Planning issues, like connection regulations and standards, and operation and control issues (EMS, active distribution networks, microgrids, etc) are considered. The main achievements during the four years period of the project are summarized as follows:
  • Monitoring of relevant work in ongoing EU projects. Efforts have been made to disseminate key findings mainly among the Cluster projects More Microgrids, DER-Lab and Fenix.
  • Organization and wide participation of WP1 partners in international Conferences and Workshops.
  • Co-operation with policy makers including regulatory bodies and TSOs and several pieces of technical analysis carried out by the various research bodies involved in the Cluster projects.
  • Active participation of WP1 partners in the Technology Platform on Europe’s Electricity Networks of the Future “SmartGrids”. Support of its function by identification of achievements and deficits in ongoing projects and priority research areas for the EU FP7 programme. Contribution to the documents published by the Technology Platform with emphasis on DG contribution to Security, Reliability and Power Quality. Participation in its conferences, meetings and other events.
  • Establishment of a number of multi-national Task Forces and Working parties, mainly within CIGRE and IEEE, in order to disseminate the key outcomes of the Cluster projects and gain from the international experience.
  • Establishment of cooperation links with international Research teams, in US, Canada and Japan, exchange of ideas and information and investigation of relevant, common research activities.

2 ICT relevant for the Operation of the Electricity Grid, Power Sources and Consumers
The key objective of this cross-sectional working area is, was to significantly increase the level of exchange and awareness regarding the strategic relevance of ICT for DER in Europe. This has been achieved by a range of externally oriented activities over the period 2004-2007:
  • The development of the electronic power market game ELEKTRA, demonstrating the ideas underlying ICT use in market-based power trading of large scale DER, and played a.o. at a plenary session with over 120 participants in the 1st Int. Conf. on Integration of RES and DER, Brussels, 3 December 2004.
  • Extensive contributions to popular and accessible forms of dissemination to professionals and the wider public, including several full-colour brochures, flyers and posters. A particularly significant contribution from IRED was to the EC brochure Towards Smart Power Networks – Lessons Learned from European Research FP5 Projects, specifically Chapter 3: ICT Builds Smart Electricity Networks. The brochure appeared end of 2005, and is also available from the EC DG Research website and the SmartGrids TP website.
  • Liaison activities with many running and new projects in the area (e.g. EU-DEEP, INTEGRAL), with public presentations of issues cross-cutting ICT and DER, in over 25 invited talks in many different countries.

3 Laboratory Activities
This cross-sectional working area is concentrated on laboratory activities in the field of distributed energy resources. In order to support an efficient collaboration of laboratories that are active in the field a survey of ongoing testing work performed within European projects was set up. Furthermore relevant European DER-laboratories have been identified and a web site has been installed (www.der-lab.net). A European Network of Excellence of Laboratories in the field of Distributed Energy Resources (DERlab) has been launched in November 2005. A liaison with the DERlab NoE on two levels was established: There is one representative of the DERlab NoE, namely the head of the steering committee of DERlab, participating in the project meetings of the IRED Cluster. On the working level the Deliverable D3 (the database for laboratories active in the field of DER) that was prepared within this work package was implemented on the DERlab website for public access.

4 Pilot Installations and Field Tests

This cross-sectional working area summarizes objectives and results of the IRED work package 4 “Co-ordination of Pilot Installation Activities”. This work package has significantly enhanced knowledge exchange between the project leaders of pilot installations in Europe which demonstrate the integration of renewable and distributed energy resources into the distribution grid. The objectives have been:
- to provide an overview of relevant pilot installations in Europe and identify gaps that need to be addressed in future European Research Areas.
- to enhance the dialogue with local, regional, national and European governments
- to elaborate information and training material for experts, decision makers and students As a result, the final overview of 30 European pilot installations was published on the IRED web site www.ired-cluster.org in January 2008 in form of a set of reference sheets. Each reference sheet addresses the project duration, profile of the installations including electric capacity of the distributed generators, the technologies used, the classification of the site and the project leader. In addition, the main tasks of this pilot installation are shown. A graphic or photography of the pilot installation gives an impression of the site. The identified necessities for future European Research Areas were introduced to the European Technology Platform SmartGrids through active participation of the IRED members in various functions within the platform.
As second objective, the work package contributed to the IRED global objective to raise awareness of decision makers. Objective is to enhance the dialogue between the European parliament as well as national governments and the IRED research cluster. The team organised a dinner debate on “Future Electricity Grids” for Members of the European Parliament on November 30, 2004, in the Bibliothèque Solvay, Brussels. About 80 “high level” guests from the European Parliament, the European Commission and representations of the member states as well as members of the IRED cluster attended the dinner debate. The event had an impact on discussion on the topic in Parliament. Information and training material was elaborated and presented in various international and national conferences, expert workshops, CIGRE working groups, in-house trainings and university lectures.

5 Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues

This cross-sectional working area carried out a separate report (deliverable D15) by ten in DER integration involved European organisations, governments, industry and universities, gives an overview of the different findings from RTD projects on the area of Socio-economic issues of integration of DER in the electricity supply system.
D15 presents an introduction to the importance of DER integration and scope of report. Furthermore it presents current contribution of DER in different EU countries, main drivers for more DER. Next it reviews main barriers to give DER a lift-off in several particularly new MS and if contributing well how new barriers for a more efficient DER integration emerge and in the later chapters how these can be solved according to the ongoing RTD in several EU projects.

6 International Co-operation Including International Associations

The overall goal of this cross-sectional working area was on International Benchmarking to cooperate, disseminate and exchange information on the progress in the field of RTD on DER integration on an international level. This implies developing and using events in which the main international organisations that are concerned with the integration of DG & RES, e.g. in terms of RTD, investment, regulation, policy, informing about good practices or as another stakeholder meet each other and exchange relevant results, experiences in this field.
This objective is further implemented with an approach of creating a systematic exchange of information in all areas of the topic of DER integration in energy supply by organising EU missions of experts outside the EU to other leading countries in the field and stimulate the participation from EU side of DER integration experts in international events on DER integration and participate in organising such events. Of course the USA, Canada and Japan were the counterparts in commonly organised international conferences in the last four years. This led also to a commonly supported (all IEA members) participation in the IEA conference in Paris on DER integration in 2006.
Furthermore the approach can be characterised by maintaining as IRED a close contact with these organisations through:
  • Share and compare visions, missions and strategies in the field of integration of DG&RES.
  • Exchange information on respective work in progress in the field.
  • Play a mutual advisory role for the main critical outcomes of the cluster.
  • Foster and accelerate bilateral and multilateral program of work in the field.
  • Present from the cluster strategies and outcomes and to receive feedback.
  • Get mutual support in the organisation of major events, workshops, symposia, exhibition.
  • Get mutual support in dissemination tools, newsletter, website, publications. Further by supporting common strategic activities through:
  • Information exchange and strategies collected from international organisations will be disseminating to target audience via the integrated information system.
  • Implementation of joint activities.
  • Joint activities as training and mutual opening of facilities and laboratories can be expanded by cooperation with the international organisations.
  • Organise and execute EU-missions to the USA and Japan.
  • An exchange of information by participations in conferences and workshops.
All those contributions to and supporting of the organisation of these activities could only become successful by the small team of IRED through a for DER integration RTD representative cluster of partners, see below an overview of projects represented by partners IRED. Final the activities of WP6 could only be conducted and support the wide coverage of different research perspectives through the availability of a wide scope of RTD areas represented by the different partner organisations. This is also demonstrated by the variety of EU projects on DER integration that the IRED partners each coordinate for the Commission. For example the IRED cluster of partners covers the following European DER integration projects:
  • IRED - Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and Distributed Generation into the European Electricity Grid¿, Hwww.ired-cluster.orgH.
  • CRISP - Distributed Intelligence in Critical Infrastructure for Sustainable Power, www.ecn.nl/crisp.
  • DISPOWER - Distributed Generation with High Penetration of Renewable Energy Resources, www.dspower.org.
  • INVESTIRE - Investigation on Storage Technologies for Intermittent Renewable Energies, www.ired.uni-kassel.de/investire.
  • MICROGRIDS - Large Scale Integration of Micro-Generation to Low Voltage Grids
  • DG-Facts - Improvements of the Quality of Supply in DG networks through the Integrated. Application of Power Electronic Technoques, www.dgfacts.labein.es/dgfacts.
  • ENIRDGnet - European Network for Integration of RES and DG, www.dgnet.org.
  • SUSTELNET - Policy and Regulatory Roadmaps for integration of DG and development of Sustainable electricity networks.
  • SOLID-DER - Consolidate RTD activities for large scale integration of DER into the European electricity market, www.solid-der.org.
  • FENIX - Flexible electricity networks to integrate the eXpected Energy evolution, www.fenix-project.org.
  • DER-Lab Network of excellence for DER and preparation of standards www.der-lab.net
  • More Microgrids - Large scale integration of Micro-generation to Low voltage Grids www.microgrids.power.ece.ntua.gr.
Furthermore through the relationships and cooperation of IRED partners with many EU and non-EU organisations in this field many other EU organisations were indirectly involved in its supported events and delegations to contribute to these events and missions. The IRED group cooperate with other organisations at three different levels:
  • European level: Mainly the following organisations:
    - Working Groups on Distributed Generation at EURELECTRIC and
    - association of EU utilities
    - Trade associations like EWEA,EPIA,EUBIA,COGEN etc
    - The Association of EU Regulators
    - ENEL Renewable group and other energy and electricity companies of Mediterranean countries.
  • International level, mainly the following organisations:
    - Renewable Working Party of the International Energy Agency.
    - Technical Associations like CIGRE,CIRED: working groups in DG & RES
    - IEA RES working Group.
  • OECD countries level: Mainly the following:
    - DOE Department of Energy US government and related laboratories and Federal Commissions.
    - EPRI Electric Power Research Institute.
    - Edison Electric Institute, the US equivalent of Eurelectric.
    - CRIEPI, the Japanese equivalent of EPRI and somehow of Eurelectric.
A major work of the cluster on International Benchmarking and Cooperation in period 2005 - 2007 was the initiation and support for the setup and development of the European Technology Platform on Smart Grids, which was a great initiative of the IRED research cluster in 2005.

7 Co-ordination with National and Regional Research Programmes on DER

During the first 3 years of the project (2004, 2005 and 2006) the activities were mainly focused on the identification of RTD Programmes of Member States and Regions. To do so a questionnaire was designed and distributed between a high number of stakeholders, receiving finally the answer of 10 States and 1 Region. From these results it was observed that coordination between Member States/Regions was almost nonexistent in this field, and that there is not a direct support for coordination with Institutions of other States/Regions. Thus it was concluded, that some type of coordination instrument should be put into practice, whether in the context of the future “Technology Platform for Smart Power Networks” or as an ERA-NET. In order to promote the meeting of different stakeholders and as an excellent place for the exchange of ideas, two seminars have been organised in the context of the IRED project (one in Spain in 2005 and a second one in Finland in 2007). As a result, in 2007, a remarkable achievement has been done by establishing the SmartGrids ERA-NET proposal under the 7th FP. The overall objective of this proposal is the mutual opening up of the research programmes and research infrastructures of the participating States and Regions as well as the launching of joint activities (calls).
This project proposal is the materialization of the final objective of WP7: “to contribute to the cooperation and coordination of research activities carried out at national or regional level in the field of DER”. It has been promoted by the “SmartGrids” Technological Platform with the continuous support of some IRED consortium members, and will involve 11 countries and 1 region. The activities that will be carried out by in this project are directly aligned with the purposes of WP7:
  • Step 1: Exchange of information: Ensure common understanding for future co-operation and co-ordination, share practices in programme management and evaluation practices.
  • Step 2: Strategic activities and best practices: Deducting ERA-NET strategy for cooperation between national and regional identification of topics for transnational collaboration and designation of an framework.
  • Step 3: Implementation of joint activities: Implementing coherence in European national and regional programmes, and active network of RTD managers.
  • Step 4: Transnational research activities: Ensuring a robust system and efficient procedures for common/trans-national proposals. And, last but not least, the implementation of joint calls.
With this initiative, that the main objective of WP7 has been fulfilled, by identifying States and Regions which could be interested in improving mutual collaboration in R&D activities, and promoting a stable link between them around an ERA-NET.
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